In the name of Allah, the most merciful, most generous
الوزن الفعل The Patterns of verbs
This was put together by a student from information given by a teacher.
The verb is given with its past tense, present tense, gerund, active participle and passive participle or
Form oneفَعَلَ, يَفعُلُ , فِعلٌ , فَاعِلٌ , مَفعُولٌ
Regular verbs describing actions, he did, she wrote etc
Form twoفَعَّلَ , يَفَعِّل , تَفعِيلٌ/تَفعِلَةٌ , مُفَعِّلٌ , مُفَعَّلٌ
Causative verbs (verbs that cause an action) describing actions. i.e. Caused someone to study, he caused someone to do. It does not need an object, it is intransitive.
Form threeفَاعَلَ , يُفَاعِلُ , فِعَالٌ/مُفَاعَلَةٌ , مُفَاعِلٌ , مُفَاعَلٌ
Verbs describing actions done to someone but not returned , or continuity. He wrote but he did not write back, he watched someone but the other person didn't.
Form fourأَفعَلَ , يُفعِلُ , إِفعَالٌ , مُفعِلٌ , مُفعَلٌ
Verbs with concise meaning or making something possible. Meaning he expelled (or exiled) someone, or made someone present.
Form Fiveتَفَعَّلَ , يَتَفَعَّلُ , تَفَعُّلٌ , مُتَفَعِّلٌ , مُتَفَعَّلٌ
Verbs, where the subject of the verb and the action described by the verb implying, to distance oneself from something. This could mean a sense of distance from the verb for example "develop" could be or become developed, he avoided existing تخرّج , he distanced himself تَبَرَّأ , people gathered to
تجمّع الناس he gathered people.
Form sixتَفَاعَلَ , يَتَفَاعَلُ , تَفَاعُلٌ , مُتَفَاعِلٌ , مُتَفَاعَلٌ
Verbs where two subjects reciprocate in performing the same action (or feeling) described by a verb. I.e. Helped one another, watched something, wrote to each other.
Form Sevenاِنفَعَلَ , يَنفَعِلُ , اِنفِعالٌ , مُنفَعِلٌ , ~
Verbs where the action described is perceived to have occurred on its own, something broke or a door closed on its own.
Form Eightاِفتَعَلَ , يَفتَعِلُ , اِفتِعَالٌ , مُفتَعِلٌ , مُفتَعَلٌ
Verbs, that are in a sense reflexive. Describing an action done by oneself or by the subject to himself/itself. He moved himselfاِنتقل
, he realised
, he washed himself.
Form nineاِفعَلَّ , يَفعَلُّ , اِفعِلالٌ , مُفعَلٌّ , ~
Generally these verbs are describing an internal transformation, he turned red احمرّ , he became strong
اشتدَّ he became green.
Form Tenاِستَفعَلَ , يُستُفعِلُ , اِستَفعَالٌ , مُستَفعِلٌ , مُستَفعَلٌ
These verbs are generally used to ask politely (or with humility) for something or someone to see the services of something, ask for forgiveness اِستغفر , he made used of something استمعل. Or it can be perceived as a request for something: i e مستشفاء hospital – seeking a cure.